The Dirt: Basin and Range National Monument



Basin and Range National Monument was created by Presidential Proclamation on July 10, 2015 and covers 704,000 acres in Lincoln and Nye Counties. The area is one of the best examples of the spectacular basins framed by rugged mountain ranges of Nevada, and includes historic Native American petroglyphs and artifacts, unique plants and animals, and opportunities to enjoy space and solitude.


The area is located between the Mojave Desert and the Sagebrush Steppe of the Great Basin. Major features of the national monument include Garden Valley, Coal Valley, Worthington Mountains and Wilderness Area, Hiko and White River Narrows, and the Shooting Gallery rock art site. Another point of interest is Michael Heizer’s “City”, a massive piece of earth art.


The Monument allows motor vehicle use on existing roads. Some roadways are passable by passenger vehicles, but high-clearance, 4-wheel drive vehicles are recommended due to rugged and changing conditions on many routes. There is no entrance fee to access the Monument lands, and dispersed camping is allowed for a maximum 14-day stay. See maps for unimproved campsite locations.


  • The closest towns to Basin and Range National Monument are Ely to the north, Caliente to the east, and Alamo to the south. All three towns are located on US Highway 93.
  • Just north of Alamo, where Highway 93 turns east, State Route 318 branches off and cuts straight north toward Ely. State Route 318 runs along and through the eastern edge of the monument and provides access to several petroglyph sites, including White River Narrows and Mount Irish Archaeological Districts.
  • The Shooting Gallery rock art area is accessed west of Highway 93 near the town of Alamo. By driving up the west side of the monument along State Route 375 toward Rachel, visitors can reach high elevations of the Worthington Mountains Wilderness.

Rules of the Road

Land Manager: Bureau of Land Management, Caliente Field Office

BLM Caliente Field Office
1400 South Front Street
Caliente, NV 89008

Telephone: (775) 753-0200

Email: eyfoweb@blm.gov

Motor vehicles are permitted on designated trails only.

Always plan ahead and prepare for uncertainty. Travel with warm clothing, first aid, food, water and appropriate tools to fix a problem.
Traveling in groups is always a good idea, as well as informing someone of where you will be going.

  • Register Your Vehicle
  • Make sure your vehicle is equipped with a spark arrestor
  • Plan Ahead and Prepare
  • Travel and Camp on Durable Surfaces
  • Dispose of Waste Properly
  • Leave What You Find
  • Minimize Campfire Impacts
  • Respect Wildlife
  • Be Considerate of Other Trail Users

Leave No Trace

Tread Lightly

Historic Preservation

Plan Your Visit